New synthetic bones made of biodegradable material developed by Russian scientists at the Siberian Federal University (SFU) may provide a considerable breakthrough in orthopaedics.
The artificial osseous structures are produced from material synthesised by microbes and with implementation of 3D-prototyping and computer tomography.This technology may result in a significant breakthrough in orthopaedics because it would essentially make introducing xenogeneic materials into patients’ bodies unnecessary, Russian newspaper Rossiyskaya Gazeta reports.
“Creating synthetic bones from bio-compatible materials tailored to suit anatomic and morphofunctional characteristics of individual patients will become a ‘golden standard’ of orthopaedics in the near future; it would also help avoid using xenogeneic materials to treat pathology. Additive prototyping allows manufacturing products of virtually all shapes and sizes. All we need is a technology for processing biopolymer material for printing,” head of the SFU Medical Biology Department Ekaterina Shishatskaya said.
Furthermore, the scientists have managed to discover a way to apply polymer material without altering the chemical structure or using an adhesive compound, Konstantin Kisterskiy, a member of the research team, added.
He also said that the researchers are trying to develop the best implementation method for this technology, basing their experiments on physic-mechanical properties of Bioplaston – biodegradable polymer that was first synthesised by Krasnoyarsk biologists several years ago.